Saint Lucia


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HFA National Reports

National Report 2007: National Report on the Implementation of the HFA (2007) - Saint Lucia

National Report 2006: Unreported

National Report 2005: Unreported

National Report 2004: National Report in Preparation for WCDR (2004) - Saint Lucia

National Platform:


HFA National Focal Point:

National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO)

Address: P.O.Box 1517, Red Cross Building, Vigie, PO Box 1517, Castries;

Phone: +1-758-452-3802 / 468-2126, 452-2611 Ext 8035, fax: +1-758-453-2152

Contact Person:

Miss Dawn French, Director,

Other contacts

Permanent Mission of Saint Lucia to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva


His Excellency Mr. Gilbert R. Chagoury


Permanent Representative

Address: Rue du Marché 20, 1204 Geneva

Tel: +(41-22) 310-8730, Fax: +(41-22) 310-8731

CDERA member:

Ms. Dawn French, Director (AG) - National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO)

Other contacts:

Country profile:

Name: Saint Lucia

Capital: Castries

Independence Day: 22 February 1979 (from UK)

Population total 170,649 (July 2007 est.)

Area: 616 sq km

Religions: Roman Catholic 67.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 8.5%, Pentecostal 5.7%, Rastafarian 2.1%, Anglican 2%, Evangelical 2%, other Christian 5.1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.5% (2001 census).

Language: English (official), French patois

Ethnics Groups: black 82.5%, mixed 11.9%, East Indian 2.4%, other or unspecified 3.1% (2001 census)

Government: Westminster-style parliamentary democracy

Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

Climate: Tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August.

Natural Hazards: Hurricanes and volcanic activity.

The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Even after the abolition of slavery on its plantations in 1834, Saint Lucia remained an agricultural island, dedicated to producing tropical commodity crops. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.

Saint Lucia is confronted with a variety of natural hazards, the most critical of which are hurricanes, inland flooding, coastal flooding, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and wildland fires. In combination with a high population density and resource-intensive development, this creates a relatively high incidence and risk of natural and technological hazards.

Hurricanes are the most likely and most destructive hazards to impact the island. There has been an explosive increase in the number of buildings, many of them on stilts, on hillsides and high slopes, as well as subsequent removal of establishing vegetation.

Inland flooding is also significant. The island's steep topography, nonporous rock base, clayey soils and ever-increasing development of roads and other impermeable surfaces exacerbate the run-off from heavy rains and limit the percolation of rainwater. Furthermore, while an adequate drainage system one-time existed, the urban development of the past two decades has eliminated or altered many of the drainage ditches. Loss of natural vegetation also contributes to increased run-off and flooding, as does increased construction close to riverbanks.

Located near the eastern side of the Caribbean plate, Saint Lucia is furthermore susceptible to earthquakes and seismic hazards. The strongest was felt in 1953 and measured 7.5 on the Richter scale. Seismic hazard-tsunamis or seismic induced sea waves also pose a serious risk. Concern also exists over the possibility of oil spills, especially by oil tankers and cruise vessels which are in transit through the coastal waters of the Caribbean.

The most damaging recent disaster was The Wave of October 26, 1996, which caused serious damage in the village on Anse la Raye and the town of Soufriére. The losses have been estimated to be more than EC$230 million. Tropical storm Debbie of September 9, 1994, has also had a serious impact not only on the island itself, but also on its awareness of disaster risk and its commitment to prevention. Hurricanes occur frequently, damaging the marine and coastal community and especially the livelihoods of the fishing communities.

The importance of disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation is a major theme for the national government. The National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO) coordinates disaster responses, and also focuses on preparedness, prevention and mitigation. It is currently implementing and further developing the National Hazard Mitigation Plan, which incorporates analysis of past storms and of the hazards that may occur in the future, and surveys the capability of the Saint Lucian Government and associated agencies potentially involved in disaster mitigation. Furthermore, there is a National.

Emergency Management Advisory Committee and a National Hazard Mitigation Council. The latter is a coordinating body chaired by the Minister of Works and includes representatives from the Ministries of Physical Development, Education, Health, Agriculture and Tourism, as well as from the Chamber of Commerce and NEMO-Secretariat. The National Emergency Management Plan is designed as the official guideline for a national coordination of all resources involved in emergency management and is to be referred to in any emergency situation. It also provides for rapid response through the maximum use of local, national, regional and international resources. A Disaster Preparedness and Response Act, based on the CDERA Model, was approved in 2000. In case of a proclamation of a State of Emergency, an Emergency Powers (Disasters) Act can be invoked by the Governor General, thus providing the national disaster coordinator with specific powers for the requisition of resources. An emergency fund for disaster response has been set up, and there is a network of community storage facilities for emergency relief items under the control of the district disaster committees of NEMO. Public awareness programmes have been set up through the use of public service announcements.


(2005) (Source: Matrix Final - based on national progress report for the Global Platform)

HFA P1 - Institutional and legal framework:

The Disaster Management Act (DMA) n.30 of the 2006 national response plan DMA replaced the disaster preparedness and Response Act of 2000

Numerous agreements made with the private sector, NGO’s, service organizations, and neighboring French departments have been implemented as well

Health sector mitigation activities have begun and are expected to continue

Developed of the disaster management project which involves the training of volunteers in shelter management, warehouse management, first aid/CPR, and construction. The 18 district committees which govern the community warehouses were equipped and trained. The trained volunteers may also be used in MCI

HFA P2 - Risk identification and EWS:

Flood early warning system (EWS) to link to already existing national evacuation protocols and risk analysis procedures

National Risk register

HFA P3 - Knowledge and education:

Public information strategy :disseminating information via group meetings, publicly published flyers, brochures and posters, internet postings and news (radio, tv, print) announcements

HFA P4 - Risk applications:


HFA P5 - Preparedness and response:

National response mechanism in place

Other Areas:

Others Documents:

St. Lucia: World Bank approves additional US$ 3 million for disaster management

World Bank; July 15, 2008

Second St. Lucia Disaster Management Project, Worl Bank (apporved in 2004)

Web Links:

Draft Mitigation Plan 2003

Saint Lucia Report Kobe-Hyogo,Japan 2005

Guidelines in Case of Disasters Presented June 2001-Revised 2002.


Web Links:

Nemo's Press Releases Subscription and Archive

UNDP Disaster Risk Index/Saint Lucia entry

EM-DAT:OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database. Technological Disasters Saint Lucia

National Emergency Management Plan, 2004

Caribbean Hazard Mitigation Capacity Building Programme (CHAMP)

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